Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area was established in 1994 in Gibson and Pike counties, along the Patoka River in southwest Indiana. To date over 9,000 acres have been acquired. The focus of the refuge is the restoration of bottom-land hardwood forest habitats. As home to the largest nesting colony of the endangered interior least tern east of the Mississippi River, the Cane Ridge Unit is recognized as a Globally Important Bird Area. Over 380 species of wildlife, including nesting bald eagles, the Federally endangered Indiana bat and the threatened northern copper belly watersnake reside upon the Refuge. At least 20 plant species and 63 animal species considered as threatened, endangered or of special concern by the State of Indiana live within this river valley including a new species of burrowing crayfish verified in 2002, have been observed on the refuge. Hunting, fishing, environmental education, wildlife observation, photography, hiking, and canoeing. Open sunrise to sunset every day
Straddling Pike and Gibson Counties in Southwestern Indiana, the Refuge stretches 20 miles in an east-west direction along the lower third of the Patoka River.
It is located 30 miles north of Evansville, IN by way of State Road 57 and is adjacent to the small town of Oakland City, Indiana, along State Road 64 and Winslow, IN on State Road 61